Design of the NIDA Clinical Trials Network Validation Study of Tobacco, Alcohol, Prescription Medications, and Substance Use/Misuse (TAPS) Tool

Publication Type
Journal Article
Year of Publication
2016
Authors
Wu, LT; McNeely, J; Subramaniam, GA; Sharma, G; Van Veldhuisen, P; Schwartz, RP
Secondary
Contemp Clin Trials
Volume
50
Start Page
90
Pagination
90-97
Date Published
09/2016
Keywords
Instrument; screening; Substance use disorder; Tool; Validation
Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Substance use and its associated use disorders are under-detected and under-treated in primary care. There is a need for a clinically useful brief screening and assessment instrument to identify primary care patients with substance use, sub-threshold substance use disorder (SUD), and SUD to facilitate brief intervention and treatment.

METHODS:

We describe the design of the recently completed National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network's tobacco, alcohol, prescription medications, and substance use/misuse screen and brief assessment tool validation study. Study aims included to: develop a 2-stage screening and brief assessment tool (TAPS Tool) to detect substance use, problem use, and SUD among adult primary care patients; examine the validity of both the screen component and the TAPS Tool by comparing them to reference standard screening and assessment measures of no use, problem use, and SUD; and determine the feasibility and acceptability of the self-administration and interviewer-administration of the tool. The design included a pilot testing phase (n=30) and the main study of 2000 adult primary care participants who were randomly assigned in counter-balanced order to have the interviewer-administration or the self-administration of the TAPS Tool followed by the other administration format. Participants' views of feasibility, acceptability and preference for format of self-administration versus interviewer-administration of the TAPS Tool were assessed. Criterion measures of use and DSM-5 SUDs were administered.

DISCUSSION:

The TAPS Tool study builds on prior work to develop a 2-stage clinical tool for facilitating the adoption of screening, brief assessment and treatment for SUDs in primary care.